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George F. Shambaugh, Consultant

Professor Emeritus in the College of Biological Sciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio and the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, Wooster, Ohio.

I taught Comparative Electrophysiology in the Graduate School of The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. As a member of the Department of Entomology, I served as advisor to master and doctoral students seeking degrees at The Ohio State University and served on innumerable thesis and dissertation reading committees. I chaired and served on many departmental committees during my tenure as a department member. I chaired the departmental committee to review all faculty publications before submission. I served as Acting Associate Chairman of the Department.

I took an active role in professional societies. For the Entomological Society of America I served as Chair of Section B (Physiology & Biochemistry), served on the Editorial Board of The Annals of the Entomological Society of America representing Section B, and served as Program Chairman for the annual meeting of the whole society in Hollywood, Florida. I am a Master Naturalist of the program from the University of Florida at Gainesville.

Extensive Biography of George Franklin Shambaugh

In high school I was a scholastic achiever. Although my family moved across Columbus, Ohio, I found a way to finish in my old high school. I was a junior leader in a boys club in downtown Columbus, Ohio and pianist for its chorus. I continued private piano lessons throughout high school and college. For many reasons, I had to find a college where I could get and maintain a full scholarship.

In Wilmington College, Wilmington, Ohio I emphasized science more than music. I had two majors, Biology and Chemistry, with a minor in German. I graduated Pre-Med with an AB degree in 1950. While in college I helped organize the Chi Beta Phi science fraternity on campus, and served as its president. I was active in Christian organizations on campus. I was a laboratory assistant in the biology department for zoology, comparative anatomy and embryology for three years. I served as student librarian for one year.

I accepted a research assocate position in graduate school at The Ohio State University with Dr. Frank W. Fisk. Dr. Fisk was a physiologist in the Department of Zoology and Entomology. Dr. Fisk made sure that I had advanced physiology, biochemistry, organic chemistry, and medical biophysics in addition to entomology for my course work.

At the end of my first year in graduate school, I was awarded a Masters of Science degree. Every quarter that I was in graduate school, I received a notice to report for the draft, but was deferred. In two more years, I was awarded my Ph.D. degree.

The week after graduation in 1953, I was drafted into the Army as a private. After basic training, I was sent to the Quartermaster Research and Engineering Center in Natick, Massachusetts. I was a Private-Scientist studying heat flow though skin with hair follicle thermocouples. Tests were conducted under various environmental conditions (arctic or desert) with subjects wearing various strandard or experimental uniforms.

After leaving the Army service, I remained as a civilian researcher in the Pesticides Section of the Chemicals and Plastics Division of QM R&D Center. I worked with personal mosquito repellents, helping to get N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide (Deet) into the armed forces system and releasing it for civilian commercial market. Later I worked with mixtures of biphenyl phenols as fly repellents. This work resulted in two patents.

After almost ten years with the army, I accepted a position as an Associate Professor at the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center (OARDC)in Wooster, Ohio in 1962. Although OARDC was a separate state institution at that time, the faculty held academic appointments in the Graduate School of The Ohio State University. Now OARDC is administratively and fiscally a part of The Ohio State University.

The academic position carried with it responsibbilities of research on the Wooster campus, teaching of a graduate course on the Columbus campus (Comparative Electrophysiology), other teaching on the Wooster campus, being an advisor to students pursuing masters and doctoral degrees on both campuses, serving on departmental committees on both campuses, serving on both OARDC and University committees, and serving on reading committees for masters and doctoral students for the university within and outside the department.

The research I began was the effect of neurotropoc drugs on the central nervous system of the cockroach, Cinerea nauphoeta. It was diffcult to devise an electrophysiological method of monitoring the chemical perfusion and reliably recording the nerve responses for statisical analysis.

I worked with faculty to prepare meridic diets for larvae they wished to rear in the laboratory.

I worked with other faculty to do isozyme analyses and other studies of species of leafhoppers. These isozyme studies were insturmental in devising lines of speciation of leafhoppers in the New World.

I served for 15 years as departmental editor for all manuscripts of faculty leaving the department, including the departmental series of circulars and bulleting. I served on every committee of the department in Wooster and Columbus. I served as Acting Associate Departmental Chairman stationed at Wooster before I retired.

I was active in many professional societies. I joined the Entomological Society of America, Sigma Xi and the Ohio Academy of Science while I was a student and remained active during my career. Later I became a member of AAAS and of the American Society of Zoologists. I became very active in the Wooster Sigma Xi. I was president a few times, but served as secretary/treasurer for 15 years to provide continuity for the small club and work with the national club. I was invited to be a member of a roundtable in the Centennial Meeting in Washington, D.C. in 1986. In the Entomological Society of America I was in Section B, Physiology and Biochemistry. I was always active in societal affairs. I helped rewrite the ByLaws for Section B when all sections were rewriting. I became Chair of Section B. I was elected to the Editorial Board of the journal, Annals of the Entomological Society of America, and served as Chair of Section B on the Board. In 1985 I served as Program Chair for the Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society Of America in Hollywood, Florida.

In the Ohio Academy of Science, I became active in the judging of science fairs on the local, district and state levels. I continuted that for more than 35 years. I became involved with NASA and their program with high school students who suggested projects to be sent up in the space shuttles. One of my student's projects was chosen for one flight.

One of my continuing interests had been mental health. I was chosen to be on the Board of the Counseling Center for Wayne and Holmes Counties of Ohio. I served on that Board eight years - two years as Chair. From there I went to the Mental Health and Recovery Board of Wayne and Holmes Counties. The Board oversees the programs fo all mental health and drug recovery program agencies in these two counties. I served on this board for six years and as Chair for three years. I was unable to continue since I had served my limit according to law.

I have been active in church. For the last 44 years I have been a member of The First Presbyterian Church in Wooster, Ohio. I have been a member of the choir since then. I have been a member of the following committees: Christian education, nominating, grounds, polity, personnel, and redesign. I have been a teacher and a youth leader. I am a deacon and an elder. In the St Andrew Presbyterian Church in Sun City Center, Florida, I am an assocate member, a member of the choir, and secretary/ treasurer of the Music Ministry Committee.

I am interested in serving my community. When my children were young, I was active in the Parent-Teachers Association, (co-President for one year and county representative for one year) and in Indian Guides with my son. Now I volunteer my services to other community organizations. I have volunteered more than 4000 hours in our community hospital. I have volunteered for 10 years at the community free clinic. I have volunteered 20 years as tutor in the GED program of the Adult Basic Literacy and Education Center in Wooster and began as tutor at Beth El in Wimauma, Florida this year. I volunteered to be a full-time classroom aide to my wife for three years at Ida Sue School in Wooster, Ohio after I retired from OARDC. Ida Sue School is for the moderately, severely and profoundly disadvantaged children of Wayne County, Ohio. Now we still volunteer to work with these children one morning a week.

In Florida I have studied to become a Florida Master Naturalist through a program at The University of Florida at Gainesville, Florida. I volunteer my services as a naturalist and guide at Camp Bayou in Ruskin, Florida. I have prepared an insect collection from the camp for display there.

Bibliography

Shambaugh, George F. 1951. Proteolytic enzyme stimulation in relation to time after feeding in Aedes aegypti Linn. mosquitoes. M. Sc. Thesis. The Ohio State University. Columbus, Ohio.

Fisk, Frank W. and George F. Shambaugh 1952. Protease activity in adult Aedes aegypti mosquitoes as related to feeding. Ohio Jour. Sci. 52(2): 80-88.

Shambaugh, George F. 1952. Microinjection technique in mosquitoes. Mosq. News 12: 216.

Shambaugh, George F. 1953. The stimulatory effect of various foods on proteolytic digestion in adult Aedes aegypti Linn. Ph. D. Diss. The Ohio State University. Columbus, Ohio.

Fisk, Frank W. and George F. Shambaugh 1954. Invertase activity in adult Aedes aegypti mosquitoes Linn. Ohio Jour. Sci. 54(4):237-239.

Shambaugh, George F. Protease stimulation by foods in adult Aedes aegypti Linn. Ohio Jour. Sci. 54 (3): 151-160.

Shambaugh, George F. and John J. Pratt, Jr. 1959 Development of insect repellents for personal use. I. Diethlyltoluamide. Pesticides Section Report No. 1 Chemicals and Plastics Division, Hdqs. QM Res. & Eng. Cmd., US Army, Natick, MA.

Shambaugh, George F., John J. Pratt, Jr., Arthur M. Kaplan and Morris R. Rogers. 1968. Repellency of some phenylphenols and related compounds to house flies. Jour. Econ. Entomol. 61(6): 1485-87.

Shambaugh, George F., Morris R. Rogers, Arthur M. Kaplan and John J. Pratt Jr. 1966. Biphenyl and 4-chloro-2-phenylphenol house fly repellents. U.S. Patent No. 3,257,272.

Shambaugh, George F., Morris R. Rogers, Arthur M. Kaplan and John J. Pratt Jr. 1966 Fly repellent compositions. U. S. Patent No. 3,257,273.

Shambaugh, George F. and Timothy J. Burkholder. 1969. Effects of some neurotropic drugs on endogenous activity of the central nervous system of the cockroaoch Nauphoeta cinerea. Ann. Entommol. Soc. Amer. 62(5):983-6.

Nielsen, David G., Foster F. Purrington, George F. Shambaugh and Gerald J. Musick. 1980. Rearing Podosesia larvae on a meridic diet. J. Georgia Entomol. Soc. 15(1):37-41.

Nault, Lowell, R. Lawrence V. Madden, William E. Styer, Bruce W. Triplehorn, George F. Shambaugh and Susan E. Heady. 1984. Pathogenicity of corn stunt spiroplasma and maize bushy stunt mycoplasma to their vector Dalbulus longulus. Phytopathology. 74: 977-979.

Shambaugh, George F. 1986. The Centennial Annual Meeting of Sigma Xi in Washington , D.C. I was invited to participate in a roundtable discussion of the topic: A New Agenda for Science II. Who Plays, Who Pays, Who Sets the Rules?.

Heady, Susan E., Lowell R. Nault, George F. Shambaugh and L. Fairchild. 1986. Acoustic and mating behavior of Dalbulus leafhoppers, (Homoptera: Cicadellidae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer. 79: 727-736.